Translation glossary: Dental terms

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Abrasion   Removal of tooth structure due to rubbing and scraping (e.g. incorrect brushing method) 
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Abscess   A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. 
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Abutment   A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture. 
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Amalgam   A silver filling material. 
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Anesthetic   An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling. 
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Anterior   The front position. 
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Apex   The end of the root. 
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Asepsis   No micro-organism. 
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Attrition   Wear of teeth due to activities such as chewing. 
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Bitewing   A kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of x-ray is to detect cavity in between teeth an 
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Bleaching   Whitening of teeth. 
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Bridge   A prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth. 
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Bruxism   Teeth grinding. 
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Canine   The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are totally 4 of them. They are the longest teeth in human. 
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Canker sore   An ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus. 
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Caries   Tooth decay. 
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Cast   A model of teeth. 
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Cavity   A hole on the tooth. 
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Cementation   The process of \"glue\" the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area. 
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Chlorhexidine   An anti-microbial agent. It is available in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases. 
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Clasp   A metal arm extends from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold on to natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture. 
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Cold sore   An ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex. 
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Composite   White filling. 
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Cross-bite   An abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth. 
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Crown (porcelain/plastic/metal)   A crown is almost like a \"cap\" on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook. 
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Decay   The rotten part of the tooth. 
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Dentistry   A branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concern about teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures. 
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Dentition   The position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaw. 
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Denture (Immediate/complete/partial) (overdenture, temporary)   An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of denture to satisfy different trea 
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Denturist   The person who specializes in fabricating dentures. Denturist is not responsible for making any type of diagnosis or carrying out any other treatme 
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Desensitization   A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth. 
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Diagnosis   The process of identifying dental disease. 
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Diastema   The space in between two adjacent teeth. 
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Distal   A direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw. 
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Edentulous   No teeth. 
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Endodontics   A department of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth). 
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Eruption   The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth. 
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Excision   The action of cutting something off. 
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Filling   A restoration places on a tooth to restore its function and appearance. 
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Flipper   A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment. 
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Floss   A thread/tape goes in between teeth for cleaning. 
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Fluoride   A compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, rinses to strengthen up teeth. 
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Fluoride Treatment   Teeth treat with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay. 
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Framework   A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments. 
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Gingivitis   The mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum. 
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Hemorrhage   Bleeding 
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Homeostasis   Stop bleeding. 
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Impaction   A condition that a tooth is not able to come in normally or stuck underneath another tooth or bone. 
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Implant   A device (usually \"screw-like\") put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge. 
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Impression   A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray. 
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