Translation glossary: Dental glossary

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AbrasionRemoval of tooth structure due to rubbing and scraping (e.g. incorrect brushing method) 
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AbscessA collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. 
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AbutmentA tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture. 
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AmalgamA silver filling material. 
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AnestheticAn agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling. 
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AnteriorThe front position. 
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ApexThe end of the root. 
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AsepsisNo micro-organism. 
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AttritionWear of teeth due to activities such as chewing. 
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BitewingA kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of x-ray is to detect cavity in between teeth and h 
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BleachingWhitening of teeth. 
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BridgeA prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth. 
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BruxismTeeth grinding. 
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CanineThe third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are totally 4 of them. They are the longest teeth in human. 
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Canker soreAn ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus. 
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CariesTooth decay. 
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CastA model of teeth. 
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CavityA hole on the tooth. 
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CementationThe process of \"glue\" the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area. 
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ChlorhexidineAn anti-microbial agent. It is available in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases. 
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ClaspA metal arm extends from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold on to natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture. 
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Cold soreAn ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex. 
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CompositeWhite filling. 
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Cross-biteAn abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth. 
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Crown (porcelain/plastic/metal)A crown is almost like a \"cap\" on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook. 
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DecayThe rotten part of the tooth. 
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DentistryA branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concern about teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures. 
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DentitionThe position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaw. 
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Denture (Immediate/complete/partial) (overdenture, temporary)An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of denture to satisfy different treatme 
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DenturistThe person who specializes in fabricating dentures. Denturist is not responsible for making any type of diagnosis or carrying out any other treatment 
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DesensitizationA procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth. 
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DiagnosisThe process of identifying dental disease. 
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DiastemaThe space in between two adjacent teeth. 
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DistalA direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw. 
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EdentulousNo teeth. 
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EndodonticsA department of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth). 
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EruptionThe process of the tooth appearing in the mouth. 
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ExcisionThe action of cutting something off. 
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FillingA restoration places on a tooth to restore its function and appearance. 
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FlipperA temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment. 
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FlossA thread/tape goes in between teeth for cleaning. 
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FluorideA compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, rinses to strengthen up teeth. 
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Fluoride TreatmentTeeth treat with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay. 
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FrameworkA metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments. 
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GingivitisThe mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum. 
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HemorrhageBleeding 
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HomeostasisStop bleeding. 
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ImpactionA condition that a tooth is not able to come in normally or stuck underneath another tooth or bone. 
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ImplantA device (usually \"screw-like\") put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge. 
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ImpressionA mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray. 
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