Translation glossary: Carfax glossary

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AccidentCARFAX receives information on accidents in most states when an official police report is filed. The level of detail in the accident record varies by 
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Airbag DeploymentOccurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, new or r 
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Auto AuctionAuto auctions provide CARFAX with odometer readings for vehicles bought and sold at auction. Approximately 31% of used cars sold at dealerships are p 
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Automotive RecyclerVehicles sold at an automotive recycler are often totaled by insurance companies. The majority of these vehicles are 1) rebuilt and sold as a complet 
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Bonded TitleA title is bonded when the owner has no proof of ownership during the titling process. The bond remains in effect for three years or until the vehicl 
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Built to Non U.S. StandardsVehicle previously registered or titled outside of the U.S. and may not comply with U.S. safety and emissions standards. 
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Canadian Total LossPlease see Total Loss. 
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Certified PreOwned Vehicle 
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Collision Repair FacilityA collision repair facility specializes in repairing vehicle damage caused by accidents and other incidents. A vehicle inspection completed by your d 
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CommercialVehicle was registered for business purposes. 
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Crash TestVehicles used in crash tests are supposed to be sold as junk vehicles. Institutions that test these vehicles disclose this information to CARFAX to h 
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CurbstoningA curbstoner is a person who purchases vehicles at volumes that require a dealer license and then poses as a private seller to sell to unsuspecting b 
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Damage DisclosureWhen the owner discloses to a DMV or other CARFAX source that the vehicle sustained damage. The extent of damage can range from minor to severe. CARF 
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Date ReportedRefers to the date when the transaction occurred. 
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Dealer Service CompanyDealer Service Companies assist auto dealers in managing their inventories. These companies offer data services in the areas of mass marketing, maint 
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Dismantled TitleThe vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair mar 
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Exceeds Mechanical LimitsA vehicle with a 5 
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Exempt VehicleIn most states, odometer law requires that vehicles less than 10 years old report odometer readings. Vehicles over 10 years old are often exempt from 
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Failed Emissions InspectionThe emissions check performed during a vehicle inspection indicated the vehicle was emitting more than allowable emissions standards and/or had missi 
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Fire DamageCARFAX receives information on vehicle fires from most U.S. jurisdictions. These events are taken from the actual fire department reports compiled at 
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First OwnerWhen the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership. 
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Fleet Management CompanyFleet Management Companies manage the financing, insurance, maintenance and repair of corporate or government fleet vehicles. Fleet companies are typ 
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Fleet VehicleVehicle was registered or sold to a company that manages vehicle fleets. 
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Flood Damage TitleStates issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage. 
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Frame DamageIn most cases, a vehicle is inspected for frame damage after an accident or other incident. All levels of accidents from minor to severe can cause fr 
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General CommentsCARFAX reports display important information in the General Comments column of the Detailed Vehicle History. Comments will vary, depending on the inf 
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Government UseVehicle was registered by a public institution. 
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Grey Market VehicleVehicle previously registered or titled outside of the U.S. and may not comply with U.S. safety and emissions standards. 
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Gross PolluterA Gross Polluter is a vehicle that fails an emissions inspection with below 
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Hail Damage TitleThe vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operati 
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ICBThe Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC) Investigative Services Division is Canada\'s leading provider of investigative services to the insurance industr 
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Information SourceCARFAX receives data from thousands of public and private sources. The information source refers to the source or provider of the vehicle history inf 
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InspectionsMany states or counties require annual or biennial emissions and/or safety inspections. Odometer readings are collected at the time of the inspection 
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Junk TitleA Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value; or 
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LeaseWhen someone leases a car from a dealer, the dealer actually sells the vehicle to a leasing company. The leasing company then collects payments for t 
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Lemon Law VehicleA vehicle with major problems that has been repurchased by or had its price renegotiated with the manufacturer. The state marks its official records 
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LienA lien is an ownership right to a piece of property. When a financial institution loans money to someone purchasing a vehicle, the financial institut 
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LoanA loan is when a person borrows money from a financial institution or other type of lender with an agreement to pay back the full amount plus interes 
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Loss Due To Fire TitleThe vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operati 
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Major Parts RemovedWhen a vehicle has three or more major parts removed by an automotive recycler. 
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ManufacturerRecommended Maintenance Schedules 
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Manufacturer Buyback or LemonA vehicle, generally with major problems, that has been repurchased by or had its price renegotiated with the manufacturer. The specific requirements 
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Manufacturer RecallAutomobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer\'s attention. Recalls also suggest i 
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Manufacturer VehicleManufacturer vehicles are vehicles put up for sale by the manufacturer. These vehicles are typically only available to dealers at special auctions. T 
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Mileage InconsistencyIf a more recent odometer reading is less than an older reading but CARFAX is uncertain whether the discrepancy is a rollback or a clerical error, th 
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Motor Vehicle Dept.Motor Vehicle Departments issue both titles and registrations to vehicle owners. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necess 
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New Owner ReportedWhen a vehicle is sold to a new owner, the Title must be transferred to the new owner(s) at a Department of Motor Vehicles. 
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NICBThe National Insurance Crime Bureau is a not 
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NonProfit 
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Not Actual Mileage TitleWhen the seller certifies, under the Truth 
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